A Review on Functionally Graded Materials and Their Applications in the Field of Prosthetics

Document Type : Original Article


Faculty of Technological Industry and Energy, Delta Technological University,Industrial Area, Quesna, Menoufia, Egypt


Functionally graded materials (FGMs) are special types of advanced composites with
peculiar features and advantages. The main characteristic of an FGM is the gradual variation in composition and microstructure across its dimensions, resulting in enhanced properties. FGMs are consist of two or more materials in order to achieve the desired properties according to the application where an FGM is used. As a result FGMs are of great interest for numerous applications. This paper review various fabrication techniques, classification and its applications in the field of prosthetics. It was concluded that functionally graded materials have a wide range of applications due to their superior mechanical and physical features. The cost of the production of these materials is the prohibition of using them in some applications. In the field of biomedical applications such as implants and prosthetics, (FGMs) proven their position among advanced materials science. They provide excellent mechanical and biotribological properties when compared to conventional materials.


Volume 45, Issue 4
issued on 1/10/2022 in 6Parts: Part (1) Electrical Engineering, Part (2) Mechanical Engineering, Part (3): Production Engineering, Part (4): Civil Engineering, Part (5) Architectural Engineering, Part (6) Computer Science
October 2022
Pages 553-560