The Impact of Population Growth on Construction Material Prices in Egypt Exploring Sandbags as a Viable Alternative

Document Type : Original Article


Lecturer, Department of Architectural Engineering - Faculty of Engineering - misr Higher Institute of Engineering and Technology in Mansoura - Egypt


This research paper focuses on addressing the challenges of inadequate urban housing and the high cost of traditional building materials in Egypt. As part of the study, a low-cost housing project utilizing sandbags as a construction material is presented as an applied example. The project aims to provide affordable housing solutions while minimizing construction expenses and maximizing the value of locally available resources.

The utilization of sandbags as a building material offers several advantages. It is a low-cost and readily available resource in Egypt, making it an ideal option for constructing affordable housing units. Additionally, sandbags demonstrate excellent thermal insulation properties, contributing to energy efficiency and reducing long-term maintenance costs. The project also explores the potential for incorporating sustainable design principles, such as rainwater harvesting and solar energy systems, to further enhance the efficiency and environmental performance of the houses.

Despite the low initial costs associated with constructing sandbag houses, the research paper highlights the importance of considering long-term treatment costs. Adequate measures should be taken to protect the sandbag walls from moisture, pests, and erosion, ensuring the durability and longevity of the structures. Such treatments may include applying waterproof coatings, implementing proper drainage systems, and utilizing appropriate landscaping techniques.

This applied example of a sandbag house serves as a demonstration of a practical and cost-effective solution to address the lack of adequate urban housing in Egypt. By utilizing locally available materials and incorporating sustainable design principles, the project aims to provide affordable and environmentally friendly housing options low-income communities


Volume 47, Issue 2
(issued on 1/4/2024 in 4 Parts: Part (1): Mechanical Engineering, Part (2): Civil Engineering, Part (3): Architectural Engineering, Part (4:) Basic Engineering Sciences).
April 2024
Pages 217-229